February 1, 2023
Brahma, one of the most important Hindu gods, is known as the creator of the world. He is usually represented with four faces, four arms bearing attributes like a scripture, spoon, rosary, and a vase. His vehicle is a sacred swan called “Hamsa”.
This head of Brahma comes from the tower S5 of the Trapeang Phong temple, Bakong district, Siem Reap province, and dates from the Angkorian period, Baphuon style, 11th century A.D. Currently, only three faces remain, and it is exhibited in Gallery B of the Angkor National Museum.
The head was looted from the Angkor region and subsequently found in Britain in November 1994. It was formally identified by ICOM (International Council of Museums) and EFEO (École Française d’Extrême-Orient). As a result, the Royal Government of Cambodia formally requested the return of the head, the repatriation took place in Phnom Penh on 4 December 1996.
According to the old pictures of EFEO in July 1936; this head of Brahma initially remained intact with four faces and its whole body standing on a small circular base. Notice that one of his four arms was well-preserved, holding a rosary.
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